In this thesis, we propose a description logic and semantic relatedness approach to textual entailment, where the type of semantic relatedness axioms employed in aligning the descrip- tion logic representations are used as indicators of textual entailment. Thus the denial of a presupposition in and the denial of an ordinary entailment in both lead to pragmatically infelicitous utterances (marked by a #) (8) #it's the knave that stole the tarts, but there is no knave. Adrian boutel published online: 15 january 2012 23 the a priori entailment thesis the apet is the claim that if physicalism is true, a complete statement of the. This thesis describes our contribution to the eld of cross-lingual textual entailment, more speci cally, to approach english-dutch cross-lingual textual entailment recognition problem. Paraphrase and textual entailment recognition and generation prodromos malakasiotis phd thesis department of informatics athens university of economics and business 2011.
The thesis combines (a) the analytic-independence response to kripke's argument against phenomenal-physical identities (aka the phenomenal concept strategy), with (b) a priori entailment from the complete physical truth to phenomenal truths, and so (inter alia) the inconceivability of zombies. In overall, the entailment thesis is the thesis that if s perceives that p, s knows that p according to proponents of the entailment thesis, i do i am strikingly owing to craig french, whose minute and insightful comments on an original adaptation of this records helped correct it substantially. Entailment thesis, and, in sect 3, we discuss myers-schulz and schwitzgebel's challenge to it in sect 4, we expand on their challenge, reporting the results of four.
Entailment thesis (ret), which states that a successful and complete reductive explanation requires that the explanandum is a priori deducible from the explanans after defending aet/ret i use them. Aspects of modality by valentine hacquard ba egyptology university of california, los angeles 2000 copies of this thesis document in whole or in part. According to proponents of the entailment thesis, i do if i see that p, i know that p in general, the entailment thesis is the thesis that if s perceives that p, s knows that p. Title of thesis: articular analysis examining committee: dr m hahn associate professor, philosophy tures characterises a binary entailment system in which. In linguistics, entailment is the relationship between two sentences where the truth of one (a) requires the truth of the other (b) example: (a) the president was assassinated entails (b) the president is dead.
Interestingly, these methods make very different kinds of mistakes and so in this thesis, we construct a new entailment measure by combining these two paradigms in such a way that exploits their differences. In this respect, presupposition is distinguished from entailment and implicature there is however a strong alternative view that factivity thesis,. Looking out the window, i see that it's raining outside do i know that it's raining outside according to proponents of the entailment thesis, i do if i see that p, i know that p. Thus supervenience, like entailment, is reflexive, transitive, and non-symmetric the following weak supervenience thesis thus holds: for any world w,. This thesis will focus on the meaning of verbs and the entailment relations that might occur between them it will be looking at three specific ways of representing the semantics of verbal situations, and how they capture specific entailment phenomena.
One likely objection to redescriptive physicalism is that physicalism about the mental needs only psycho-physical identity but understood strictly, the identity thesis doesn't even commit you to physicalism it is at best supplementary and cannot serve as an alternative to the l-c entailment thesis conjoined with 'that's all' (the statement that nothing exists beyond what is l-c. In order to understand what an argument is, you need to understand entailment what does it mean to say that one or more propositions entails some proposition what entailment is the concept of entailment depends on a more fundamental concept, the concept of immediate entailment. A simulacrum account of dispositional properties the thesis that dispositions are properties of entities is for an objection to carnap's entailment thesis.
As for entailment, this thesis is mainly centered on the exploration of presupposition in semantics from the perspectives of features and problems of presupposition. The 'incompatibility thesis' rejects the entailment thesis as well as the converse entailment thesis, and says that knowledge and belief are mutually incompatible similarly, the 'separability thesis' also rejects the entailment thesis and the converse entailment thesis, but adds that knowledge and belief are mutually compatible.
The main task in this thesis does the textual entailment as a three-way classification given a sentence pair (a, b), the task is to predict whether b is entailed by a, b is contradicted to a, or whether the relation. Logical consequence (also entailment) is a fundamental concept in logic, which describes the relationship between statements that hold true when one statement. This thesis is mainly centered on the exploration of presupposition in semantics from the perspectives of features and problems of presupposition for the sake of searching for the solutions to the problems, the writer also brings two pragmatic theories of presupposition into discussion. Grounding and entailment1 of the thesis suffers from a few infelicities first, grounding is a relation between facts, entailment is a relation.